Over the last year, high-profile data breaches affecting thousands of Canadians have raised concerns over businesses’ privacy practices. Questions surrounding companies’ handling of personal information are becoming more prominent in the minds of consumers. Canada’s Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA), which governs the privacy practices of many businesses in Canada, sets out personal information handling requirements built on pillars of accountability and consent.
Amazon’s acquisition of Whole Foods earlier this year has sparked speculation in the grocery industry about the future of its traditional business model which sees consumers visiting brick and mortar stores. On the heels of Amazon’s announcement, several of Canada’s largest retailers began advertising, and in some cases, rolling out their e-commerce strategies.
One of the first things people typically do when they come up with a new product or business idea is pick a name. They may go even further and start planning a design logo, packaging, and marketing. Each of these elements can potentially be protected by trademark registrations.
On September 14, 2017, the Ontario Labour Relations Board (the “OLRB”) rendered its decision in the hearing of International Brotherhood of Teamsters v. Canada Bread Company Limited (“Canada Bread”) in which certain Canada Bread franchisees were found to be “dependent contractors” as defined in the Labour Relations Act (“LRA”) and therefore employees of Canada Bread capable of certification.
In July 2015, the Government of Canada amended the Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act to require companies to disclose data breaches to the Privacy Commissioner of Canada and to affected individuals. The amendments would require companies to disclose breaches “if it is reasonable in the circumstances to believe that the breach creates a real risk of significant harm to an individual.”